If you haven't installed your pond yet then look for a used carpet this works great for a under-layment. This helps keep them out because they are gonna dig where their is less resistance to them. Also you can use a regular underlayment, check out this thick underlayment.
If you have already dug out the pond or built it then you could bury screen or fencing into the ground around the pond so that they can't dig through it. This is what I hear works best it cost a little bit but beats trying to patch a pond. Using a PVC pond liner is the most effect for the money and quality.
If you are having problems with algae check out some of my other articles on algae removal. Getting Rid of Algae
- A blue heron statue is the best way to start because herons are territorial but make sure to move the statue every once in a while because herons are smarter than you think.
- Make your pond deeper than 3 feet because herons can't walk in water that deep, also having drop off edges all around your pond will help keep other predators out.
- Put a net over the top of your pond to help keep herons out of your pond, this will also keep leaves out as well, as well as keep your fish in your pond.
- Fake alligator head in the pond is also another way to scare them off because nothing messes with a alligator.
- Trip line using fishing line at the edge of the pond is another great way to scare them away from the edge of the pond.
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- Feeding to much
- Overcrowded Pond
- Not Enough Water Changes
- To Much Sunlight
Overcrowding your pond comes down to how many you have in your pond. Remember koi can grow to 24 inches. They may be cute and tiny now but they will grow fast. I like to say about 100 gallons per koi that gives enough area for them to grow to a decent size to allow you to upgrade.
Water changes can be difficult to do in a pond that is why you want to use a pond vacuum. This makes it easy to remove the excess nutrients in the water. Making less food for the algae to eat off of. Pond Vacuums come in many different sizes and are simple to use. I'd like to think of it as a pool vacuum pretty much but different so that you don't scratch or rip the liners of your pond. Also check out the Matala Muck Vac II, Pond Vacuums Muck Vac,Pondovac 4,Poolmaster 28008 Black Magic Spa/Pool/Pond Jet Vacuum
Is to much sunlight entering your pond. This is what algae feeds off of also and when you have a over abundance of sunlight and nutrients you have a instance algae bloom or green water in your pond. You can use a blue tint liquid that is made for ponds that helps reflect the sunlight from the pond. Also you can build a awning over the sunny side of the pond. Even stopping the early morning sunlight will reduce your algae bloom tremendously
If you are still having problems with your pond having green water. Please leave a comment and I will answer it as quick as I can.
To cut back on this yearly maintenance you should cover your pond with a netting all year long, you can't see the net but it keeps leaves, birds, debris and other predator from reaching your water or fish. Don't forget to add lilies, or other pond plants to help in your battle for algae control in your pond. The netting can also act as a rest for a tarp or board to cut down on the sunlight if you need to reduce sunlight for algae related problems from it. Also at this time you can add blue tint to the pond water to help reflect sun rays that in return helps you get rid of your pond algae.
Doing the following will help kill those excess nutrients hiding in the sludge on the bottom of your pond and will make your pond season a much more enjoyable one.
Have a hard to reach spot that is loaded with string algae then try this telescoping arm that extends from 30" to 50" for removing the string algae from your pond it defiently works better than a finger of yours. The String Algae Twister is the best tool you could invest in.
- Excess Nutrients from over feeding.
- To much sunlight.
- Overcrowded Pond
Having to much sunlight can make getting rid of pond algae difficult because this is a harder thing to control. Using lily pads will help reduce surface area that sun rays can reach as well as using a slanted roof or shelter to block sun rays. Also using a blue pond tint can also help reflect the sun.
Overcrowding the pond is a huge problem usually since no one truly knows how many to add to their pond. I believe with you should use goldfish for any pond under 300 gallons. Goldfish only reach a foot compared to koi growing to 2-3 feet long. I go with the general rule of one koi per 40 gallons on ponds bigger thn 300 gallons. Then one goldfish per 30 gallons in a pond. Also using pond liners are the easiest way to know the size of your pond.
Products For Getting Rid Of Green Water Pond Algae.
This is a great algae fighter the Large Pond Cleaner ball, this is great for large ponds that need excess nutrients and sludge picked up. The 6in. disposable/recyclable plastic sphere is loaded with a beneficial bacteria and enzyme blend, designed to treat the real problem of ponds and small lakes that have excess nutrients problems. Patented time-release system releases daily doses of bacteria and enzymes that help keep sludge and algae blooms under control for a easy way of getting rid of pond algae. It's safe for humans, pets, fish and plants. This ball works great, I have had alot of success with this.
Pond No More Algae for a clear water pond.
Pond No More Algae is a great product that kills algae in your pond. It also slows the growth of algae which helps you fight off green water in your pond with out a whole lot of difficulty. Also makes a good preventative for your pond. Also using half the dose will rid your algae problem but just not as fast.
For other pond tips view this Fatastic Fish Pond Information
Using Barley Pads or Balls To Fight Algae:
This ball is preloaded with all natural bacteria and enzyme blend that takes away excess nutrients, sludge and ammonia, finding a ammonia removercanbe difficult, also ammonia is one of the main problem causers this helps in improving water quality and clarity. A patented timed-release system incubates and releases beneficial bacteria and enzymes 24-7 for 30 days. Each sphere treats up to 12,500 gallons. Being all-natural, you can't overtreat. PRO formula works effectively in water from 31° to 100°F.It's made from a corn-based polymer; after 30 days you can throw it away. Replace the sphere every once a month. Remember being all natural it doesn't happen over night like chemicals, but all natural will last longer in getting rid of algae it requires 4-6 weeks to achieve water improvement. Most effective in ponds with pH level between 6.0 and 8.2.
Check out more How to Get Rid of Algae Articles